TEHRAN, May 15, 2014 (FNA)- A senior Iranian legislator underlined that the Israeli and Zionist lobby pressures on the western powers are the root cause of their hesitations about a final deal with Iran.
"The American and western officials take orders from the Zionist regime before they start the talks with Iran and they also report to this regime after the negotiations," rapporteur of the parliaments National Security and Foreign Policy Commission Seyed Hossein Naqavi Hosseini told reporters on Wednesday. He underlined the US and other western states of the Group 5+1 (the five permanent UN Security Council members plus Germany) are under strong influence of the Zionist lobby. "Under such conditions we cannot certainly be optimistic about reaching a final agreement," Naqavi Hosseini said. He noted that the westerners are not looking for an agreement and they do not even have the will for striking a final deal with Tehran.
His remarks came as Iran and the six major world powers started another round of talks in Vienna on Wednesday in a series of negotiations aimed at finding a permanent solution to the decade-old dispute over the Islamic Republics nuclear energy program.
The talks participated by representatives of Iran and the G5+1 started at the UN headquarters in Vienna at 10:00 AM local time. The Iranian team of negotiators, accompanied by a team of legal advisors and experts, arrived in Vienna on Tuesday. Upon arrival at Vienna airport on Tuesday, Iranian Foreign Minister and head of the countrys delegation in talks with the world powers Mohammad Javad Zarif said Tehran would participate in the talks with firm determination. "We have come here with a decisive will" and seek to defend the Iranian nations nuclear rights, Zarif said.
Noting that Iran and the G5+1 are scheduled to hold three other rounds of talks by July 20, he said none of the seven delegations have prepared any draft agreement, although they have certain issues in mind. Zarif and EU Foreign Policy Chief Catherine Ashton held a working dinner in Vienna on Tuesday night to confer on the latest developments in the talks between Tehran and the Group 5+1. After the talks, Zarif reiterated that the countrys negotiators would not discuss issues related to Irans defensive capabilities in the talks with the world powers. "Irans defensive issues and our defensive capabilities will not be an issue for negotiations," Zarif told reporters. He described his talks with Ashton as good, and said, "This round of negotiations is more sensitive since we will start writing (a comprehensive deal between the two sides)."
Asked if the negotiations will yield results by the end of the stated 6-month period (which ends on July 20), Zarif said, "I believe it is possible but it depends on how much good will and pragmatism the other side shows in the negotiations." Stressing that Iran seeks to materialize its rights of access and use of the peaceful nuclear technology and is not after the proliferation of atomic weapons, he said, "We believe atomic weapons are not beneficial to our country and we dont have any problem if this is clearly shown to the world."
The Iranian top diplomat underlined that the Iranian delegation has come to Vienna with a firm will to settle the differences with the world powers, but meantime, said if the two sides cannot reach an agreement by July 20, the time for implementing the interim agreement will not be extended automatically and it will need further negotiations. Also, a senior member of Irans negotiating team in talks with the six major world powers underlined that Tehran is resolved to do its best to remove possible barriers in the way of concluding a permanent deal with the Sextet, and urged the opposite side to do the same.
Iranian Deputy Foreign Minister for legal and international affairs Seyed Abbas Araqchi told reporters in Vienna late Tuesday evening that Iran is fully prepared to achieve an agreement before the deadline. He went on to say that we are very hopeful and so is the other side that an agreement can be reached before July 20, if there is goodwill and real political determination. Araqchi added that there would be three additional rounds of negotiations besides the current one to make headway towards a permanent nuclear deal.
Two rounds of talks would be held in June while the third round could be stretched as long as 20 days in July, if there is a need for it, the Iranian official said. He stressed negotiations were at the most sensitive stage, saying the start of drafting a final accord was the most difficult and complicated phase. Araqchi acknowledged some of the issues were really difficult and there remained some big gaps. Bridging the gaps is very difficult but not hopeless, he said. He also underlined that Tehran will not discuss any change in the nature of its heavy water reactor in the Central city of Arak but will try to obviate the westerners concerns in this regard.
"Different solutions and options have been raised about Arak, the most important of which is what Head of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) Ali Akbar Salehi has said and obviates the concerns about Arak by making some technical changes in certain parts of the reactor to reduce the amount of plutonium which may cause concern," Araqchi said.
Stressing that the nature of Arak heavy water reactor wont change at all, he said, "The power of Arak reactor wont reduce and it will continue its predesigned path and we will possibly decrease or obviate the concerns existing about it by some changes." Asked about Irans nuclear Research and Development activities, Araqchi underlined that no limitations can be envisaged for R&D activities, adding that stopping Irans R&D program has never been actually demanded by the world powers in the negotiations and will never be accepted by Tehran.
The last round of negotiations between Iran and the G5+1 took place in Vienna on April 8 and 9. The Iranian Foreign Ministry in a statement on April 8 reiterated that its team of negotiators would not discuss any topic but the countrys nuclear standoff with the West in its talks with the six world powers. The talks between Tehran and the G5+1 are part of efforts to seal a final deal on Irans nuclear energy program.
Iran and the Group 5+1 representatives had several sessions of talks in Vienna on March 18-19 too. Following the breakthrough interim agreement between Iran and the six powers, the two sides accepted to send their senior negotiating teams to monthly meetings to discuss a final and comprehensive deal until July. If the seven nations fail to agree on a final deal by then, the Geneva interim agreement will be extended for another 6 months.
On November 24, Iran and the Group 5+1 sealed a six-month Joint Plan of Action to lay the groundwork for the full resolution of the Wests decade-old dispute with Iran over the latters nuclear energy program. In exchange for Tehrans confidence-building bid to limit certain aspects of its nuclear activities, the sextet of the world powers agreed to lift some of the existing sanctions against Tehran and impose no nuclear-related sanctions on Iran during the six-month period.